IEC Council elects new SMB Chairman and Vice President
"I´m honored and pleased to take over the duty as the Chair of the Standardization Management Board for the IEC community", Dr Sporer commented the announcement of his election. DKE and the whole German National Committee of the IEC congratulated Dr Sporer and assured him their support!
Dr Ralph Sporer is Manager for Standardization and Regulation at Siemens. He is responsible for managing the internal and external standardization activities in the fields of innovative technologies and digitalization across all areas of electrotechnical applications.
Dr Ralph Sporer has been chairing the IEC Advisory Committee on Energy Efficiency since 2013, following his membership in the former Strategic Group 1 since 2008. He was also a member of the SMB Group (ahG 35 on Systems) elaborating the IEC System activities. From 2010. Dr Sporer served as Chairman of the European Smart Grid Coordination Group. This group piloted a systematic procedure on how to deal with complex systems and diverse stakeholders while keeping a strong link to the former IEC Strategic Group 3 “Smart Grid” and the System Committee on Smart Energy. For example, the group introduced the Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM) which is the basis of the IEC Smart Grid mapping tool. As a central piece in the standardization efforts of complex systems this model is further evolving into other areas of IEC’s system work.
At national level Dr Sporer is a member of the German National Committee Council and its advisory boards, as well as a leader and member expert in the technical committees for the already mentioned technical fields.
Work 4.0 - Anywhere & anytime
Experts made suggestions for the improvement of web-conferencing, as an important way of collaborative work. The quality of remote participation will improve substantially. Up to now the lack of sound quality and missing visual feedback from meeting rooms have been one of the most significant reasons for rejecting web-conferencing today. In the future livestreaming, managed camera and scattered microphones will strongly increase the quality of web-conferencing and therefore as well its acceptance by users.
Solving technical problems is one aspect, but the human factor is another main constraint. Therefore DKE has established guidance on the proper use of web-conferencing tools, which will be offered to the IEC. As virtual reality systems will not be implemented in the near future, improved web-conferencing is the next obvious step to be taken.
Standardization could be much more flexible, combining online standardization and revised standardization processes, which are currently extremely complex. Furthermore, various experts around the world could be connected through online collaboration. The new standardization process will be characterized by a phase of elaborating, freezing and stabilizing a technical document.
The advantages would be transparency, better involvement of experts from small companies, and parallelization of work to speed up the process. Dominik Nied stated “We need one solution provided by the IEC.” and the audience emphasized ”We have to ensure the openness and possibility for everybody to join.” In conclusion face-to-face meetings are still necessary in the future, but they can be more efficient with collaborative tools.
Virtual reality completes the vision for the future, having the feeling of real presence during remote participation. Technical improvements are still going on for example the face-tracking functionality. The “state of the art” can be found in the “360° - IEC General Meeting” App, that everybody can try out.
- Web-conferences have to be technically improved to gain more acceptance for meetings
- Tools will support the standardization process
- Online collaboration and Virtual Reality enable simultaneous, concurrent document creation and a completely new feeling of presence during remote participation
- Experts can be involved better as they are more flexible and save travelling time
- Karsten Hunger
Standardization Manager, VDE/DKE, German National Committee of IEC
- Dominik Nied
Technical Manager Standards, VDE/DKE, German National Committee of IEC
Safety. Future. Standardization
Michael Beilfuss, publisher at the International Data Group Business Media, pointed out that digital transformation is a continuing transition. For him it is essential to understand what digitalization actually means for occupational safety and the health lobby. He emphasized the importance of including the “digital natives” in this task.
Digitalization involves new risks but also opportunities and it affects everybody – the future of standardization, too.
Martina Mara, head of the Robopsychology research division at Ars Electronica Futurelab, Austria, does research on the psychological aspects of human-robot-interactions. Because of the strongly increasing number of robots worldwide the question that needs to be answered is: How can efficient, safe and well-accepted interaction between humans and robots be fostered?
The challenge is not only to build safe robots, but also to design robots with predictable actions to enable cooperation between man and robot.
Trust is the key to overcome reservations. Martina Mara: “We need to provide a positive vision of the future to raise acceptance for robots, this why interdisciplinary work is crucial.”
Starting his lecture after an artificial blackout in the Reinvention Laboratory, Dr. Sandro Gaycken, technology and security researcher at the European School of Management and Technology, shared his security nightmare with the audience. Security gaps are everywhere – and the only secure place is where no computer is around. He mentioned critical infrastructures, business-IT and medical devices as examples of very high vulnerability. Safety and security are getting more and more entangled. He explained that existing safety regulations should be a model for much needed security regulations.
Kirsten Bruhn, multiple Paralympic gold medalist in swimming, provided insights on how standardization can turn the tide for the inclusion of persons with disabilities.
Despite the fact that 10 % of the world population is disabled most manufacturers do not take account of this user group when designing products. While travelling around the globe she has witnessed some positive examples for accessibility but also many negative ones. Her demand for standardization community: Open your mind for inclusion!
- New skills and different perspectives are needed – involve digital natives, elderly and disabled people to make safety in standards fit for the future
- Take account of the skills and abilities of all users in standards – make products usable for disabled persons as far as possible
- Safety and security are getting more entangled - standardization needs to keep this in mind!
- Standardization needs to take account of the meaning of safety for different kinds of stakeholders
- Michael Beilfuß
Publisher, IDG Business Media GmbH, Munich
- Kirsten Bruhn
Paralympic swimmer, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin
- Dr. Sandro Gaycken
Senior Researcher Cybersecurity & Cyberstrategy, European School of Management and Technology, Berlin
- Dr. Martina Mara
Head of Robopsychology Research Division, Ars Electronica Futurelab, Linz, Austria
Insights of the European Commission - The Joint Initiative on Standardization
The JIS was established because standards have played and will continue playing a key role in the development of the European Single Market and global trade.
The presentations took a closer look at actions no. 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, and 15. The following key messages were developed amongst others in this process.
As Dr. Thies pointed out in his presentation, shortening the standardization process is not necessarily the most important goal, what is more important is timeliness. A standard should be made available to the market at the moment it is needed. This means that tools and processes have to be coordinated in a way that timely delivery is made possible.
Another key aspect of the presentations as emphasized by Justin Wilkes and Christel Davidson is that all stakeholders concerned should participate and be involved by the Commission when defining objectives. In particular, a bridge should be built between international standardization organizations and European SMEs.
In addition, a greater focus should be placed on service standards. As Gudrún Rögnvaldardóttir stated, at present a mere 1-2 % percent of standards cover services. Since Europe is moving towards a service economy services have to be comparable across borders.
In conclusion, the JIS action points were summarized by Kerstin Jorna as the “3 Ts”:
The JIS consists of 3 domains, each being subdivided into action points:
Domain 1: Awareness, Education and Understanding about the European Standardization System
Action 01 - Study on the economic and societal impacts and benefits of standards as well as access to standards in the EU and the EFTA Member States.
Action 02 - Linking research and innovation with standardization.
Action 03 - Programmes for education in standardization/training and awareness on standardization.
Action 04 - Improvement of standardization awareness in national public authorities.
Action 05 - Aiding the implementation of the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) through standards.
Domain 2: Coordination, Cooperation, Transparency and Inclusiveness
Action 06 - Improve the exchange of information and dialogue with industry through a Standards Market Relevance Roundtable (“SMARRT”).
Action 07 - Optimization of operational aspects of regulation (EU)1025/2012.
Action 08 - Provide high-quality standards delivered and referenced in a timely manner.
Action 09 - Inclusiveness, transparency and effective participation of all stakeholders in the European Standardization System.
Action 10 - Facilitating participation of all stakeholders at national level.
Action 11 - Increased use of standards in public procurement to better implement the public procurement directives.
Domain 3: Competitiveness and International Dimension
Action 12 - Encouraging the greater development and use of European service standards to help integrate Europe’s service markets.
Action 13 - Promote the European regulatory model supported by voluntary standards and its close link to international standardization in third countries.
Action 14 - Standardization to support digitalization of European industry.
Action 15 - Improve the representation of the interests of SMEs in Europe in international standardization processes.
- More participation of most diverse stakeholders
- Potential for the development of service standards ( a mere 1-2 % of all standards deal with services)
- 3 Ts as a guiding principle:
- Kerstin Jorna
Director at "Industrial Property, Innovation & Standards" directorate of DG GROWTH, European Commission
- Hein Bollens
Deputy Head of Unit for European Standardisation, European Commission
- Dr. Bernhard Thies
President of CENELEC – European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
- Justin Wilkes
Deputy Director, ECOS (European Environmental Citizen's Organisation for Standardisation)
- Arnold Pindar
President, ANEC – the European Consumer Voice in Standardisation
- Gudrún Rögnvaldardóttir
Vice-President Technical CEN – European Committee for Standardization
- Margot Dor
Strategy development, ETSI
- Christel Davidson
Director, Small Business Standards (SBS)
Content management and content delivery
“We have to implement new digital technologies in order to create new deliverables for our customers and to be faster and more efficient in our processes such as editing and publishing,” summarized Johannes Stein from VDE/DKE, the German National Committee of the IEC after a short live demonstration of content and translation management.
The speakers agreed that the necessary change is a challenge which the entire IEC community has to cope with jointly. Martin Danvers from the BSI warned: “If we don’t make the change someone else will do it”.
- Future standards will contain content customized for certain stakeholder Groups.
- Machine-readable standards for direct use in engineering systems will simplify the application of such Standards.
- The whole IEC community must support the digital transformation of standardization in order to provide fast, efficient and fit-for-purpose products and Services.
- Martin Danvers
Head of Technical Policy, British Standards Institution (BSI)
- Clemens Klemm
Young Professional & Product Manager, Siemens AG
- Klaus-Wolfgang Klingner
Division Manager Standards VDE/DKE, German National Committee of the IEC
- Dr. Stephan Kloska
Head of EMC, Acoustics Laboratories, VDE Testing and Certification Institute
- Dietmar Schantin
Founder, Institute for Media Strategies
- Johannes Stein
Head of Production VDE/DKE, German National Committee of the IEC
- Martina Rischer
Senior Translator, VDE/DKE, German National Committee of the IEC
- Philipp Tschöke
Consultant, ICMS GmbH
The trinity of standardization
Dr Kreß explained that e.g. in the area of mechanical impact testing there are about 1000 standards but only 100 tests. Close cooperation between communities is needed and their expertise should be brought together. This is one thing the participants agreed upon in the discussion during the session.
In order to improve coordination processes, one idea is to develop a tool box including basic standards for generic testing. Such standards can then be divided into different categories according to different product requirements. As a result, product standards will refer to such basic standards and include only product-specific requirements and procedures. The advantage is that the test equipment and the procedures can be reduced to a minimum and TCs can concentrate on the specific product requirements. This will speed up their processes and thus save time.
Another approach for more efficient cooperation is to provide two parts or even versions of standards that complement each other, i.e. one machine-readable and one human-readable version. Machine-readable standards will become more and more necessary to produce automatic test plans and feed the test equipment. To facilitate machine-readable standards, one single common structure is needed for all product and system standards.
Furthermore, improving the direct communication between IEC/TCs and IEC conformity assessment boards is an important issue. The needs of conformity assessment should be taken up by the TCs in order that additional documents for explanation, the so-called decision sheets, drawn up by conformity assessment organizations can be avoided. This is how suitable standards can be made available for direct use in conformity assessment.
- Tool box for basic standards
- Machine- and human-readable standards based on a harmonized common structure
- Closer cooperation and communication between technical committees (TC) and conformity assessment (CA) systems to avoid decision sheets
- Chris Agius
International Executive Secretary, IECEx and IECQ
- Sonya Bird
International Standards Manager, Underwriter Laboratories Inc. and member of IEC/TC 61
- Ralf Egner
Head of the division “Product and Installation Safety, Telecommunication and EMC”, German accreditation body DAkkS
- Dr. Klaus Kreß
Head of Certification
VDE Testing and Certification Institute
- Jim Matthews
Director, Corning Incorporated, and Chairman of the SMB
Sustained collaboration for Industry 4.0 together with ISO, ITU, 3GPP, IEEE
All key speakers presented different activities, in which IEC members are already engaged. Reinhold Pichler introduced the German initiative “Standardization Council Industrie 4.0”. The initiative will bring together all stakeholders to collaborate sustainably.
Dirk Schlesinger sensibilized the audience regarding the digitalization in conjunction with security by the TÜV Süd “Honeynet” project. He figured out that the main security gaps are human based.
Alexander McMillan outlined the discussion results of the SG9 group concerning IEC-ISO collaboration. He mentioned a great need for common tools to support a better mutual understanding in the field of Smart Manufacturing. He also pointed out the complexity of standardization and emphasized the required data flow and the concerns about data incompatibility between the very different readers along the whole value chain.
Heimo Huhle described the current activities of ITU-R based on the resolution 958. This work will last until 2019, hence the results can be presented at the next World Radiocommunication Conference in Geneva. He stated, “It is a long-term activity which requires continuous commitment of all.”
Different models to enable engagement between IEC and 3GPP were examined by Gilles Thonet from IEC/SG9. The results he presented reflected the opinion of the audience. His group recommends liaisons between IEC committees and 3GPP and further models which are currently not offered by 3GPP.
Heinrich Munz described the transformation process at KUKA Roboter GmbH. The enterprise, which has been up to now a typical machine construction company, turns gradually into a system integrator and digitalization becomes the most important aspect.
- Sustainable collaboration with forums and consortia are vital for the implementation of Industry 4.0.
- Industry 4.0 needs monitoring and security by design.
- Spectrum for Industry 4.0 are being negotiated at the ITU-R working party 5A&5D until 2019, in which IEC-experts are now needed.
- 5G is one driver for tactile internet communication of which Industry 4.0 will benefit.
- Managing the complexity needs testing centers in which solutions can be simulated in advance to ensure future interoperability.
- Alexander Bentkus
Project manager, Moderator of ReLab session, VDE/DKE, German National Committee of IEC
- Haimo Huhle
Head of Technical Legislation, ZVEI e.V. and Standardisation
- Alexander McMillan
Principal Advisor, Global Product Standards & Regulations, Rockwell Automation
- Heinrich Munz
Lead Architect Industry 4.0, KUKA Roboter GmbH
- Reinhold Pichler
Managing Director SC I4.0, VDE/DKE German National Committee of IEC
- Dr. Dirk Schlesinger
Chief Digital Officer, TÜV SÜD AG
- Gilles Thonet
Head of ICT Standards Coordination, IEC Central Office
Work 4.0 - Virtual Reality in standardization practice
The use of Virtual and Augmented Reality will play an important role in future day to day standardization activities.
The VR technology currently evolves from a niche existence to mass application. Markus Prenneis and Karsten Hunger gave an overview on its possible impact on standardization. Traditional web conferences could be replaced by meetings in Virtual Reality. In the reinvented standardization meetings, most of the disadvantages of remote participation will disappear. Meeting participants perceive presence and emotions via 360° livestream; which is quite different from today’s 2D video streams.
The audience experienced Virtual and Augmented Reality at first hand: Wearing virtual reality glasses they were jumping into another venue of the IEC General Meeting, while remaining seated in the Reinvention Laboratory arena! Having given it a go, volunteers were enthusiastic: “It’s great. It really felt as if it was real.”
Markus Prenneis, CBO & VR-Consultant at present4D, explained: “The advantages are obvious: 3D objects can be viewed together at the same time. Hence, we will see meeting rooms in their entirety, thus having the feeling of sitting there ourselves”.
Virtual and Augmented Reality can enhance the reality of daily work and the technical committee’s future: It minimizes misunderstandings in complex technical discussions, saves time, and reduces travel expenses.
- Virtual Reality has a high potential to improve standardization meetings in the future by reducing time, travel costs, and misunderstandings in complex technology discussions.
- The opportunities of Virtual reality should be monitored closely in the future because the technology is evolving quickly and the prices are falling.
- The session provides a hands-on experience of how virtual collaboration of the future could look like.
- Markus Prenneis
CBO & VR-Consultant present4D
- Karsten Hunger
Standardization Manager VDE/DKE
Identify the future! MSB Technology Radar
It maps technologies capable of playing a vital role for future product development until the year 2040, identifying eight key functionalities:
- Smart Systems Integration,
- Security & Privacy,
- Human Machine Interface,
- Monitoring & Control and
- Data Processing.
The aim of this session was to connect the findings of the "Technology Radar" to standardization.
The audience participates in a breakout session focussing on the two key functionalities “Communication” and “Smart Systems Integration”. Mrs. Weiler and Mr. Lanctot posed the following questions to the delegates:
- Do you agree with the Radar?
- Gaps - What is missing?
- What technologies are relevant for standardization?
- What is the degree of urgency?
In the discussion several gaps were identified, i.e. machine learning, data analysis, artificial intelligence and safety related security for the functionality “Smart Systems Integration”. With respect to “Communication”, visible light communication is considered a gap. Energy on biosystems is a functionality developed in the last years. In summary the results of the “Technology Radar” are acclaimed and should be updated before sharing it with other organizations. This would make an up-dated version of the radar, more open and more agile.
- This way of leveraging the collective knowledge of IEC experts across disciplines to assess technologies, in regard to their importance for standardization, is considered to be a useful and effective way to identify future action fields for the IEC.
- Petra Weiler
VDI/VDE Innovation und Technik GmbH
- Peter Lanctot
Secretary of the MSB
Breaking silos - the systems approach
To cope with this trend, structured processes are essential, such as “Use Case Methodology” and “Systems Architecture Modeling”. Pierre Sebellin, IEC Technical Officer, emphasized: “It’s important to apply these new techniques to complex infrastructures like Smart Grids, Smart Cities and the Internet of Things.”
Pierre is the Secretary of IEC’s System Committees and a member of the IEC’s “Systems Resource Group”, which provides a repository of best practices and tools on how to analyze the needs of the stakeholders involved in a given system. The goal is obvious: To help committees as well as companies to be more efficient and thorough in their evaluation.
Together with Manypha Viengkham, the Convenor of this group, he clearly described to the audience as to how System Committees complement the work of Technical Committees and how this combination can have a positive impact on future standardization. With increasing topic complexity, it can be more efficient to bring all stakeholders together in a System Committee than establishing bilateral liaisons. In addition, product standardization in the context of transversal system topics can benefit from the prior development of system standards.
The example of Use Cases as a tool to develop new ideas and to cross sector borders was shown by Rolf Apel, an engineer in the Energy Management Division of Siemens AG.
Using a practical example of someone who needs money outside of bank opening hours, he developed the example of the “Cash Machine Use Case”. Based on this example, the audience could get insights about the methodology of Use Case development and different possibilities for Use Case visualization.
System Standardization will be the key to cope with the rapidly changing technical and business environment. Use Case methodology can help to identify standardization needs in increasingly complex system environments. By establishing Systems Committees, IEC has initiated the exciting change from a component based to a system based approach.
- System Standardization will be the key to cope with rapidly changing technical and business Environments.
- The input of TC Experts will be the key to develop modern tools for systems and product standardization.
- Use Case Methodology is a tool to define interactions between an actor and a System.
- Dr. Rolf Apel
Head of Siemens Principal Key Expert Smart Grid, Siemens AG
- Kim Craig
Chairman of Australian NC, HPM Legrand Australia
- Dr. Eike Friedrichs
- Pierre Sebellin
IEC Technical Officer
- Manyphay Viengkham
Senior Program Manager, GE Digital
Facilitating innovation through standardization
They provided different examples reaching from fundamental science to the market launch of new products:
Professor Martin Poppe, University of Applied Sciences Münster, suggested to reinterprete Maxwell’s equations to cease misunderstandings between experts from different domains that can hinder innovation. The communication between engineers, chemists and physicists (i.e. for Industry 4.0) can only be fluent and clear if a common terminology is used. This is when standards come into play. New technical areas such as nanotechnology require support from both - science and standardization - at a very early stage of development to provide a sound basis for innovative solutions.
Jean-Pierre Breysse, Director Open Innovations Getinge Group, discussed how standardization can serve as a guide for product development using the example of a surgical light that he showed on stage. The participation in standardization enables companies to anticipate future product features or propose standards for a new product category. Furthermore, the collaboration in standardization committees enables experts to build strategic and long-term relationships; it supports knowledge exchange between specialists from different fields, enabling them to gain and prove expertise in specific technologies. In response to a question from the audience, he clearly gave preference to participating in standardization rather than patenting an innovation.
Finally, Florian Bachheibl, Managing Director Volabo GmbH, presented an innovative drivetrain for electric vehicles, the so-called ISCAD-drivetrain, which operates at safe-to-touch voltages below 60 V DC. He illustrated many advantages of his low-voltage system that is not yet covered by IEC standards, suggesting to fill this gap. He also pointed out that test methods in existing standards may not be suitable for innovative solutions. “To properly account for the needs of new developments, it is vital to regularly update existing standards and test procedures”, Bachheibl stated.
Summing up, standards are crucial for the development of innovation, the integration of new technologies into existing systems and to support the market launch of new products.
- Standards facilitate communication across domains by defining a consistent terminology
- Standards support product development including testing
- Work in standardization committees supports the creation of new ideas through the exchange of information between technical experts, scientists and users
- Standards can improve consumer confidence in new technologies
- Florian Bachheibl
Managing Director and Co-Founder, Volabo GmbH
- Jean-Pierre Breysse
Director Open Innovations, Getinge Group
- Martin Poppe
Professor, Münster University of Applied Sciences
Uwe Kampet receives highest award of IEC
At this time, though, Thomson was already known under his title of nobility “Lord Kelvin”. In his memory, the IEC awards the Lord Kelvin Award as its highest decoration, and it is not every year that a candidate can be found who fulfils the high selection criteria.
We are all the more delighted that this award was presented to Mr Uwe Kampet at this year’s IEC General Meeting in Frankfurt.
Since 1990, Mr Kampet has been an actively participating expert for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in the DKE standardization committees for household equipment. Soon after, he began to carry out additional tasks in European and international standardization. Furthermore, he got involved with the International Special Committee on Radio Interference (CISPR). In all these organizations, he took managerial responsibility as a chairman of the committee.
He is one of the few experts who are not only actively engaged in standardization, but also shaped the work of conformity assessment. At present he is a member of IEC Conformity Assessment Board.
In 2014, he assumed the responsibility of Vice President Technical in Europe’s Electrotechnical Standardization Organization CENELEC and initiated reforms of high importance.
He is a member of DKE Advisory Board International and National Coordination and recently became chairman. Since 2014, he has been presiding over the DKE Advisory Board Conformity Assessment.
Work 4.0 - Open and transparent communities
The session on open and transparent communities exemplified how tomorrow’s work may look like, using the example of “online drafting of minutes”. Meeting agendas and reports can easily be created online with a collaborative text editor. The advantage? Reports will be structured uniformly, information will be available immediately after meetings and results can be directly used for other purposes, such as a report to the superordinate committee. Moreover, conflicts can be avoided as reports are directly approved by the participants. The main benefit of this collaborative kind of work is to relieve the burden on convenors and secretaries. IEC ad-hoc group 67 will make templates available. The process for a test phase has already been approved by SMB.
Social media are broadly used around the world. Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn can be used to exchange information in order to broaden participation and discuss topics of public interest. In this way, the transparency of standardization can be increased and the generation of digital natives attracted. Mr. Javier García Díaz stated: “We have to reinvent ourselves and the way we have traditionally done things”. Surprisingly, social media platforms are already being used for work in standardization committees.
If the use of public tools is not feasible for some reason, an IEC social media platform of its own can support standardization experts in internal discussions, connect experts even across committees and provide a toolbox for standardization work.
The Canadian Standardization Organization represented by Karim Nazarali, Vice president for Electrical and Gas Product Standards of the CSA Group, showed an example of a platform as an online collaboration ecosystem including tools to support online meetings. This sponsored solution helps achieve the goals of standards developing organizations (SDOs), i.e. sustained membership, faster development cycles and valuable solutions.
- Meeting agendas and reports shall be created online with a collaborative text Editor.
- Social media shall be used for exchange of information to gain new experts and to discuss topics of high public interest.
- Standardization experts need a platform for internal discussion, for connecting experts (also across committees), a toolbox for their standardization work: an “IEC world”.
- Communicate the benefit of standards to people outside SDOs.
- Javier Garcia Diaz
Standards Director AENOR
- Karsten Hunger
Standardization Manager VDE/DKE
- Karim Nazarali
VP, Electrical and Gas Products Standards
- Dominik Nied
Technical Manager Standards VDE/DKE
Managing the complexity: What can we learn from standardization for e-mobility?
Solutions were discussed to manage complexity and recommendations given for standardization work with regard to many fast moving technologies.
Dr. Norbert Verweyen presented NPE (German National Platform for Electric Mobility) whose aim is to establish a framework for cooperation among all interested stakeholders in electromobility, especially by giving strategic recommendations for governments and standardization organizations. A project-oriented approach is used which requires collaboration with external partners such as other standardization organizations, fora & consortia.
Jack Pockrzywa described the SAE International approach of breaking down complex systems into fields such as safety, security and interoperability. The key message is “e-mobilty needs connectivity”. Mr Pockrzywa said: “The car is not alone, it is part of the smart city”. New models are vital for this, e.g. collaboration between standardization organizations.
“Experience in recent years of standardization work for e-mobility has shown that the electric vehicle has a huge impact on OEMs”, says Dr. Blejis. It is very important to bring all stakeholders together and to work on the same goal. Standards for the e-mobility market are urgently needed and should not end.
Mario Beier reported about experiences made at DIN to establish a collaboration platform. The key is to know all relevant stakeholders. If this is achieved the platform will be able to create acceptance for the e-mobility market.
The final discussion with all speakers showed that a roadmap can be a tool to deal with complex systems and to elaborate standards faster. Another approach could be to involve users in the process of developing standards.
- There is a need for collaboration with external partners such as other standardization organizations, fora & consortia.
- The roles of innovators, implementers, regulators and standards developers should be reviewed with regard to fast moving technologies.
- There is potential for the acceleration of processes, but eventually we need new approaches to overcome the dilemma of speed versus accuracy.
- However, the need to make standards available rapidly has to be kept in mind.
- Mario Beier
Head of the DIN Strategic Projects
- Dr. Cyriacus Adrianus Bleijs
Consultant and former Chair IEC/TC 69
- Jack Pokrzywa
Director SAE INTERNATIONAL
- Dr. Norbert Verweyen
Head of efficiency, innogy SE
Transformation to agile standardization
It became clear that the current standardization process needs to be modified to integrate all the new requirements and intelligence to handle complex cross-system topics. Therefore, experts mentioned the importance of identifying the standards that industry needs for the transformation. Prof. Dr. Hans Schotten, DFKI - German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence warned that if the IEC did not become active IOT organization profiles would replace conventional Standards.
To prevent this, a knowledge-based system based on artificial intelligence for the analysis and planning of standards is intended to be designed. This system should be transparent, safe and regulated, developed by a standardization organization. The new system should include the requirements for the fourth industrial revolution and identify necessary standards, use cases and requirements on the basis of incidents and future scenarios. The use cases may then be used by testing institutes and testbeds for certification processes and usability studies. This gives standardization organizations the opportunity to act as neutral platform which collects ideas from experts and serves as an advisory body for testbed proposal activities.
All experts agreed that the traditional standardization process has to speed up to generate good standards which, in addition, will be successful by satisfying future Needs.
The audience was invited to give their opinion by taking part in an app poll conducted before and after the session: artificial intelligence will not replace human persons in standardization. But as the standardization process will change with artificial intelligence, we will have to cope with it.
- Dealing with complex cross-system topics by using a system that collects information and stores it centrally – transparent, safe and regulated content provided by use cases.
- A change in value chains: creating systems with the help of artificial intelligence and methods such as requirements Engineering.
- Interoperable standards for networking, discussed on an interdisciplinary basis•Shorter development cycles through agile forms of standardization: reacting flexibly to engineering and management requirements.
- Prof. Dr. Hans Schotten
Scientific Director and member of Management
DFKI - German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence
- Dr. Christoph Thim
Head of Technical Market Access Corporate Technology, BSH Hausgeräte
- Mathias Uslar
OFFIS – Institute for Information Technology
- Ewa Zielińska
Director of the External Relations Department, PKN - Polish Committee for Standardization
Cultural engagement and affiliate development in IEC - Let´s talk about reinvention
The global working environment of the IEC includes experts from over one hundred countries sharing their knowledge. Cross-cultural communication is an integral part in the course of consensus based international standardization. Different ways of working and perception of relevant contents can always affect the progress in a committee. Therefore, a commonly agreed set of methods that captures the essence of best working practices around the globe is essential.
To raise the awareness of good cross-cultural collaboration, Peter Fischer introduced a “Clash of cultures case study”. During his presentation, he described a typical situation of different expectations and varying approaches to standard development between different cultures. Brainstorming and discussions with the audience highlighted the importance of expectation clarification, mutual interests, and document requirements. Another contribution suggested that a modular approach to creating standards could solve some of the difficulties described during the session. Understanding these important aspects can help experts from all over the world to strike a better chance in getting agreements in various committees and groups.
In the second talk, Nathalie Noah, Secretary of the Cameroon National Electrotechnical Committee gave insights to the situation and challenges of countries in the IEC Affiliate Country Program. Using the example of Cameroon, she introduced the diverse country and its economic situation. Introducing the IEC Affiliate Country Program, she described the program’s structure, how Affiliate Countries benefit from it, and possible improvements. Based on Cameroon’s experience she raised awareness for challenges of Affiliate countries such as a lack of a tradition in standardization, a lack of stakeholder involvement, and a low speed for standard adoption. The following discussion identified the involvement of regulators, the use of digital collaboration tools, and training initiatives as possible starting points for supporting IEC Affiliate Countries’ future standardization activities.
An app poll conducted among the participants showed that 50 % of the voters think that “Training to experts from Affiliate Countries” could be useful for the IEC Affiliate Countries Program in the Future, followed by 25 % of the voters who favoured “Technical Assistance projects at IEC or members level”, and 15 % of the voters who chose “New digital platform to engage Affiliate Countries”. Technical developments, e.g. digitalization is ushering new opportunities for developing countries to be closely engaged in international standards setting. To reinforce IEC as the international platform, new means could be built on existing initiatives to embrace the increasing willingness and dynamics of involvement.
- Cultural collaboration requires a shared understanding of standardization processes and outcomes.
- The IEC Affiliate Program provides great opportunities for developing countries.
- The involvement of regulators, additional training initiatives, and digital collaboration tools could improve national standardization activities and the adoption of Standards.
- Peter Fischer
R&D Project Manager, AESA SA
- Nathalie Noah
Secretary of the Cameroon National Electrotechnical Committee
- Dr. Bernhard Thies
Chairman of the Board of Directors of DKE
Work 4.0 - The digital workplace
The participants of the session “Work 4.0 – The digital workplace” provided insights on how reinventing standardization processes and tools could ensure future success and competitiveness of the IEC as the recognized international organization for electrotechnical standardization.
For example, in the field of “online standardization” standards shall be created online with a collaborative text editor, working worldwide. Simultaneous elaboration will save time and reduce travelling expenses and at the same time provide opportunities for more participation from SMEs and young professionals with smaller travel budgets. Also, the results could be immediately available in a database which would increase accessibility and allow for content reuse.
Currently, preparation timelines for standards are widely inflexible. Therefore, improving the tools must go hand in hand with improving the related processes. In other words, digitalization does not only require a change of tools, but also a change of mindset. During the session the audience got a good impression of how these processes might change due to digitalization: A group of people working at the same time on one document from the beginning to the end, standards that can be directly loaded into databases, and intelligent documents entailing user-specific notifications. There is a plethora of improved tools out there already, waiting to be deployed!
- IEC should develop new ways and means to make a wider use of open-source technologies and processes in agile standards development and its framework.
- Standards shall be created online with a collaborative text editor, worldwide.
- The community could benefit profoundly if the same online collaboration tool was used across different standard developing organizations.
- Digital collaborative editing tools will not eliminate personal meetings but change the way time is used during Meetings.
- “Emails changed standardization, now it’s time for the next evolution in standardization” (Dominik Nied, VDE/DKE).
- Karsten Hunger
Standardization Manager, VDE/DKE, German National Committee of the IEC
- Kim Ihlow
Regulations and Standards Manager, Bombardier Transportation
- Christian Marchsreiter
Founder & CEO, smartwork solutions GmbH
- Dominik Nied
Technical Manager Standards, VDE/DKE, German National Committee of the IEC
- Michaela Wullinger
Semiconductor engineer, Ingenieurbüro für Ideen- und Innovationsmanagement
Influence of digitalization on standardization
Originally understood as a transfer of analogue to digital it changes entire sectors and revolutionizes their value chains and business models. The landscape of topics in the field of business and technology is largely defined by the mega trend of digitalization. Originally understood as a transfer of analogue to digital it changes entire sectors and revolutionizes their value chains and business models. Smart networking of products, systems and processes is used to create more added value from the collected data.
The key message of the first speaker, Mr. Lars Reppesgaard, expert in digital transformation, was that technical developments are changing rapidly due to digitalization.
As examples he mentioned Tesla and the dissemination of the analogue telephone. The advantage of buying a Tesla is that its value increases while driving. That means that the customer is able to individually update the software of his car at any time.
As a result digitalization breaks the rules of today´s business. The market and the communities decide what will be standard. Therefore standardization has to speed up.
Dr. Andreas Starke, Head of IPR and Standardization for HARTING AG & Co. KG, described a practical example of future standardization. Standards are composed of fragments organized by standardization organizations e.g. IEC in a global database. A fragment is the least meaningful specification that is SMART and processed completely digital. New standards are composed of these fragments, like a puzzle.
Mrs. Monika Kuklok, Head of TE Industrial IoT Team in TE Connectivity, and Mr. Ullrich Wallenhorst, Chief Technology Officer (CTO) in TE Connectivity, gave an impressive demonstration of how seriously digitalization is taken by industry.
Both explained the importance of data and the challenge to translate it into IT-language to bring together production and information technology. The main point is to speed up and simplify standardization with the help of new methods.
- Digitalization is an ongoing process which cannot be stopped, covering all areas of industry and business.
- Modular standardization concepts support the development process, the review of documents and the participation of interested groups.
- Digital tools make processes leaner, transparent and efficient.
- Changes occur in a disruptive and very dynamic way.
- Only those who adapt their strategy can survive in the market.
- Standardization must adapt to new circumstances.
- Monika Kuklok
Head of TE Industrial IoT Team, TE Connectivity
- Lars Reppesgaard
Consultant and Editor/ Project Lead Digital Shift Faktenkontor GmbH
- Dr. Andreas Starke
Manager IPR & International Standardization HARTING AG & Co. KG
- Ulrich Wallenhorst
Chief Technology Officer (CTO), TE Connectivity